NEW GLOBAL STRATEGY IS REQUIRED
The fact that NEW GLOBAL STRATEGY IS REQUIRED
Is realized by no means all members of the ruling "team"
Academician Peter Korotkevich
Until now Russia has not had a well-thought out concept of national
security, defense and political doctrine, programs and plans of arms
production worked out with account of new geopolitical situation.
Provision of conditions for reasonable sufficiency of defense efforts,
appropriate upholding of combat readiness of the armed forces, control
of all types of the armed forces concurrently with reduction and
upgrading thereof have been let develop as it might.
In the meantime situation in the world recently has changed
drastically. Confrontation between the West and the East became a thing
of the past. The Soviet Union, «the socialist community»,
the Warsaw pact have become inexistent. Relations between Russia, the
USA and NATO-countries begin to acquire partnership character. On the
contrary former USSR republics found themselves in a state of real war
between themselves (the same destiny befell the former SFRY).
Forecasting the development of the world situation in the boundary of
two millenniums, it can be said that we may face a continued desire of
the third world countries to come into possession of nuclear weapons
and these prospects look ever more real. Subject to my estimates,
in 2000 some 20 - 24 countries, which today are considered
developing ones, shall dispose of these types of armaments. This means
that a danger of a large-scale nuclear conflict, provoked by an
irresponsible state southwards of our borders and the sphere of NATO
interests will increase drastically.
Considering the above it is advisable presently to proceed to analysis
of prospects regarding creation of integrated single strategic defense
system, based on Russian, US and its NATO allies strategic nuclear
containment forces. Such unification of forces alone would enable to
avert aggression and not to permit unleash a new third world war. I
personally am prepared to serve this cause, devote to it all my
knowledge and practical experience. And I shall cooperate with those
who are interested in saving the world peace.
The issues of geopolitics and nuclear safety represent the biggest
complexity for the leadership of the country. Russian and CIS military
men and statesmen lively speculate about the issues of managing all
types of the armed forces. The issue of managing strategic missile
troops holds a special place in this list, which in my opinion shall
not be handed over under control of the CIS.
All the structure of military control of nuclear strategic defense or
strategic containment forces top-bottom and length–wise is stationed in
Russia and is built on single principles and mechanisms. It would be
counter-productive to destroy them. That is why “maneuvers” around
nuclear missiles, stationed outside Russia in the territory of some
CIS-countries cause serious concern. The same goes true to the
slowness, shown by our CIS partners in respect to signing the nuclear
weapons non-proliferation agreement.
It is true that strategic objects may be launched independently, may
have stand-by systems and may allow for multiple-purpose launches under
extraordinary situations. However, there is end-to-end-algorithm
control, developed over a special architecture and no one ever will
manage to unlock separately a warhead and replace information, saved in
a flight computer into a new target designation data. Since the entire
control complex is in Russia and will likely remain to stay here,
attempts of those who strive for Russian nuclear weapons are indeed
The main thing in providing state security in the former USSR is not
even control over the missile systems but organization of a secured
supervision over operation of the combat systems and high-risk objects,
i.e. land- (earth and railway), sea-, air and space-based.
85% of the CIS defense and industrial potential is centered in Russia.
It is this country, which has been supplying all necessary items to the
defense industry enterprises, located in the former union republics.
Virtually all science, material base, test desk and testing facilities
are concentrated in Russia, the country which has finally been
developing and adopting new models and generations of the military
Since matters stand like this, one has to admit that only Russia,
subject to certain conditions, may guarantee supervision over the
defense industry enterprises.
Meantime there is dissolution of administrative and industrial
structures of the managerial apparatus that used to be in charge of
field supervision and shall be in charge thereof henceforth as well as
to monitor operation of strategic nuclear armaments. For decades the
former USSR had been creating and updating regulatory and technical
base, trained experts, capable to resolve these tasks and gain
practical experience. Today, however regretful it is, there is a fast
outflow of specialists and impairment of work schedule. If this process
is not reverted urgently, tomorrow there will be no one to provide
In this respect I would like to point out that the biggest property of
today’s Russia is not natural resources that it is so rich in, and not
even defense and industrial potential, that equaled us to the USA, but
scientific potential of the country, created through labour and efforts
of many generations. And now we are loosing it very rapidly.
It is my considered opinion that reforms, that go after modified laws,
shall begin with culture, education, art and health care service. This
task shall bear a truly nation-wide character and shall be resolved
under presidential auspices together with the issue of all-round
national security. However regretful it is but reforms in the field of
education and other sectors do not receive enough funding. We managed
to defame the title of professor, whose image used to tower over the
pedestal. The state has always protected teachers and scientists, who
gave us knowledge, shaped the trends of social development and were the
movers of progress. And now an educator of the future engineers,
doctors, economists and politicians receives salaries five and even 10
times below that of a driver. The result – a multitude of half-educated
persons with certificates of degrees, coming out of our universities
and institutes and filling up positions in the industrial, economic,
administrative, military and state machinery. Isn’t it here that a
threat to our security hides today?
It is strange to observe how strategic issues are being debated about.
The debate is held by people, who are often absolutely incompetent, do
not have professional knowledge, practical experience and personal
authority. Their opinions, terminology and general vision of problems
say that offered decisions are based on incorrect information and
In general we have an unclear and paradoxical situation. The people has
elected as president a man of honour and dignity. I deeply respect him
and think, that holding the top position in the state, he is entitled
to count on a skilled help on the part of his entire immediate
environment. Something different is going on however. The people, who
gave their votes to Boris Yeltsin, received as an addition, likewise
the president himself, the government, incapable or unwilling to
attract for work real professionals and to develop in compliance with
their competent opinion an efficient and clear strategy of development.
This government does not reflect the interests of the country and its
people, does not control developments country-wide and when it makes an
attempt to do so, every now and then embarks on a wrong course. There
is an impression, that some of the members of the ruling team pursue
exclusively personal aims, that are at variance with what the people of
the country really need.
It remains to express hope that this situation will change in the near
future and a new global strategy acceptable for the interests of the
Russian state will be developed and will enable us to become an
integral part of the civilized world.
Out of the record of «Nezavisimaya gazeta»:
Academician Peter Korotkevich is one of the first-rate experts in
Russia in the field of strategy of military security and defense. He
was the first to put forward and scientifically substantiate a concept
of a new generation of nuclear strategic armaments capable to counter
striking factors of anti-missile defense of likely enemy and to
formulate the basics of a new concept of a single system of strategic
The issue was about creation of a new defense and political doctrine,
that would enable to drastically change the image and structure of the
armed forces and to provide their re-equipment.
Reform of the armed forces would further allow to reduce its size,
volumes of financing and the main thing – to avoid senseless
expenditure of material, technical and human resources. This would
further secure stability to the entire financial and economic system of
the country for many decades on in the course of economic and political
At present academician Korotkevich is a deputy chairman of the Council
of Experts under the chairman of the Russian government.
«NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA», 1992.
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