Korben International Industrial and Financial Corporation, Inc. Korotkevich Peter Leonidovich

NEW GLOBAL STRATEGY IS REQUIRED


The fact that NEW GLOBAL STRATEGY IS REQUIRED

Is realized by no means all members of the ruling "team"

Academician Peter Korotkevich

GEOPOLITICS


Until now Russia has not had a well-thought out concept of national security, defense and political doctrine, programs and plans of arms production worked out with account of new geopolitical situation. Provision of conditions for reasonable sufficiency of defense efforts, appropriate upholding of combat readiness of the armed forces, control of all types of the armed forces concurrently with reduction and upgrading thereof have been let develop as it might.

In the meantime situation in the world recently has changed drastically. Confrontation between the West and the East became a thing of the past. The Soviet Union, «the socialist community», the Warsaw pact have become inexistent. Relations between Russia, the USA and NATO-countries begin to acquire partnership character. On the contrary former USSR republics found themselves in a state of real war between themselves (the same destiny befell the former SFRY).

Forecasting the development of the world situation in the boundary of two millenniums, it can be said that we may face a continued desire of the third world countries to come into possession of nuclear weapons and these prospects look ever more real. Subject to my estimates, in  2000  some 20 - 24 countries, which today are considered developing ones, shall dispose of these types of armaments. This means that a danger of a large-scale nuclear conflict, provoked by an irresponsible state southwards of our borders and the sphere of NATO interests will increase drastically.

Considering the above it is advisable presently to proceed to analysis of prospects regarding creation of integrated single strategic defense system, based on Russian, US and its NATO allies strategic nuclear containment forces. Such unification of forces alone would enable to avert aggression and not to permit unleash a new third world war. I personally am prepared to serve this cause, devote to it all my knowledge and practical experience. And I shall cooperate with those who are interested in saving the world peace.

The issues of geopolitics and nuclear safety represent the biggest complexity for the leadership of the country. Russian and CIS military men and statesmen lively speculate about the issues of managing all types of the armed forces. The issue of managing strategic missile troops holds a special place in this list, which in my opinion shall not be handed over under control of the CIS.

All the structure of military control of nuclear strategic defense or strategic containment forces top-bottom and lengthwise is stationed in Russia and is built on single principles and mechanisms. It would be counter-productive to destroy them. That is why maneuvers around nuclear missiles, stationed outside Russia in the territory of some CIS-countries cause serious concern. The same goes true to the slowness, shown by our CIS partners in respect to signing the nuclear weapons non-proliferation agreement.

It is true that strategic objects may be launched independently, may have stand-by systems and may allow for multiple-purpose launches under extraordinary situations. However, there is end-to-end-algorithm control, developed over a special architecture and no one ever will manage to unlock separately a warhead and replace information, saved in a flight computer into a new target designation data. Since the entire control complex is in Russia and will likely remain to stay here, attempts of those who strive for Russian nuclear weapons are indeed futile.

The main thing in providing state security in the former USSR is not even control over the missile systems but organization of a secured supervision over operation of the combat systems and high-risk objects, i.e. land- (earth and railway), sea-, air and space-based.

85% of the CIS defense and industrial potential is centered in Russia. It is this country, which has been supplying all necessary items to the defense industry enterprises, located in the former union republics. Virtually all science, material base, test desk and testing facilities are concentrated in Russia, the country which has finally been developing and adopting new models and generations of the military equipment.

Since matters stand like this, one has to admit that only Russia, subject to certain conditions, may guarantee supervision over the defense industry enterprises.

Meantime there is dissolution of administrative and industrial structures of the managerial apparatus that used to be in charge of field supervision and shall be in charge thereof henceforth as well as to monitor operation of strategic nuclear armaments. For decades the former USSR had been creating and updating regulatory and technical base, trained experts, capable to resolve these tasks and gain practical experience. Today, however regretful it is, there is a fast outflow of specialists and impairment of work schedule. If this process is not reverted urgently, tomorrow there will be no one to provide respective supervision.

In this respect I would like to point out that the biggest property of todays Russia is not natural resources that it is so rich in, and not even defense and industrial potential, that equaled us to the USA, but scientific potential of the country, created through labour and efforts of many generations. And now we are loosing it very rapidly.

It is my considered opinion that reforms, that go after modified laws, shall begin with culture, education, art and health care service. This task shall bear a truly nation-wide character and shall be resolved under presidential auspices together with the issue of all-round national security. However regretful it is but reforms in the field of education and other sectors do not receive enough funding. We managed to defame the title of professor, whose image used to tower over the pedestal. The state has always protected teachers and scientists, who gave us knowledge, shaped the trends of social development and were the movers of progress. And now an educator of the future engineers, doctors, economists and politicians receives salaries five and even 10 times below that of a driver. The result a multitude of half-educated persons with certificates of degrees, coming out of our universities and institutes and filling up positions in the industrial, economic, administrative, military and state machinery. Isnt it here that a threat to our security hides today?

It is strange to observe how strategic issues are being debated about. The debate is held by people, who are often absolutely incompetent, do not have professional knowledge, practical experience and personal authority. Their opinions, terminology and general vision of problems say that offered decisions are based on incorrect information and distorted ideas.

In general we have an unclear and paradoxical situation. The people has elected as president a man of honour and dignity. I deeply respect him and think, that holding the top position in the state, he is entitled to count on a skilled help on the part of his entire immediate environment. Something different is going on however. The people, who gave their votes to Boris Yeltsin, received as an addition, likewise the president himself, the government, incapable or unwilling to attract for work real professionals and to develop in compliance with their competent opinion an efficient and clear strategy of development. This government does not reflect the interests of the country and its people, does not control developments country-wide and when it makes an attempt to do so, every now and then embarks on a wrong course. There is an impression, that some of the members of the ruling team pursue exclusively personal aims, that are at variance with what the people of the country really need.

It remains to express hope that this situation will change in the near future and a new global strategy acceptable for the interests of the Russian state will be developed and will enable us to become an integral part of the civilized world.

Out of the record of «Nezavisimaya gazeta»:

Academician Peter Korotkevich is one of the first-rate experts in Russia in the field of strategy of military security and defense. He was the first to put forward and scientifically substantiate a concept of a new generation of nuclear strategic armaments capable to counter striking factors of anti-missile defense of likely enemy and to formulate the basics of a new concept of a single system of strategic defense.

The issue was about creation of a new defense and political doctrine, that would enable to drastically change the image and structure of the armed forces and to provide their re-equipment.
Reform of the armed forces would further allow to reduce its size, volumes of financing and the main thing to avoid senseless expenditure of material, technical and human resources. This would further secure stability to the entire financial and economic system of the country for many decades on in the course of economic and political reforms.

At present academician Korotkevich is a deputy chairman of the Council of Experts under the chairman of the Russian government.

«NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA», 1992.
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© Korotkevich Peter Leonidovich